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THE IMPACT OF WELFARE SCHEME ON THE MOTIVATION OF WORKERS. (A CASE STUDY OF ESBS ENUGU)
In this chapter, the issue of welfare scheme on the motivation of workers is addressed by looking at the background of the study; purpose and importance of limitation are all part of this chapter.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.
Purpose work in a organization for the purpose of meeting certain needs, these news inferences people’s behavior as Simon (1957:217) has aptly pointed out of the behaviour of individuals in a organization is largely oriented to wards the achievements of certain goals like physiological needs, safety new or security, social needs and the news for worker preference this welfare scheme are adequately provided by the management of organization to the workers, this project is eared towards finding out the impact of such welfare scheme on the motivation of workers in Enugu state broadcasting service, that is if worker are being motivated of not, and to what extent is this done.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Human beings have needs which they expect to satisfy from such as safety or security needs, social need the needs for advancement in life. These need inferences their work performance or role, social relation with their format and informal, groups, their attitudes towards the management and their efforts to meet the organization objectives. one of the function of the organization is to motivate workers motivating them entails, meeting them to perform their duties by dial of controversy over the issue of what motivates a worker, some people has around that workers can be motivated through the use of money, these people are of the view that people work primarily for money. However an opposition view advanced by the human relation movement does not regard `money as the primary thing that motivates workers, they lay great emphasis on “man as the producer.”
In other words the advocates of the movement are of the view that a good working environment and the provision of social facilities for the workers will be valued more highly by the workers than monetary rewards, thus, in this work it will be working to look at then situation. Some scholars who behaves that welfare scheme motivates worker to perform includes the following.
Nwachukwu (1955), Ejiofor (1956), fried Lander (1964).
However a scholars like Herzberg (1959) believes that welfare scheme are hygiene factors and as a result does not motivate the workers to perform.
This study will therefore, set out to resolve and look into the impact of welfare scheme in the motivation of workers in Enugu State Broadcasting Service (ESBS).
1.2 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This organization has the primary objective of entertaining, informing, educating the citizens, by this; peoples’ culture and traditions are put on air vision. Also important information/news are put on air and disseminated.
1.3 SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
In practical sense, the significance of this study is to bring together the various news and facts as regards to subject matter, against this back drop, it is anticipated that the study will be of immensely help to different categories of people both the managers and managers to be, students in various disciplines, the government, employees in different organizations and employers at large. It will also go further to remove the ambiguity between what motivates and what does not motivate workers in work situation. Using Enugu State Broadcasting Service as a research case study does not entail that other organizations can not benefit from reading this work.
This study will therefore be of great value to the practicing managers and leaders on how to harmonize their resources to effective and efficient result.
Thus, as the work will benefit Enugu State Broadcasting Service largely, there will be a sharp increase in the management awareness on the problems associated with the administration of welfare scheme in the organization.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study primarily examines the impact of welfare scheme on the motivation of workers in Enugu State Broadcasting Service, it does not examine the impact of welfare scheme on the motivation of workers and organization in the country.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
In every research question, they posed to help to validate the purpose and aim of the research work. In this study, some research questions in order to help ascertain the study are :
Is the welfare scheme adequate enough for workers in the organization?
What is the level of employees’ motivation and how does it affect the labour productivity in ESBS?
Has this scheme any relationship with employees’ performance?
Has this scheme any relationship with employees’ motivation in ESBS?
What are the things enjoyed by workers in through welfare scheme in ESBS?
1.6 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
A study of this nature is bound to experience certain problems as such the constraints imposed on the research include:
Time: A study of this nature needs relatively long time during which information for accurate or at least near accurate inference could be drawn. The period of the study was short, time posed as a constraints to the research..
Cost: The research would have extended the survey to other area at the empirical level, but limitation as included cost of transportation to the source of material and the cost of time setting of the already completed work.
Lack of cooperation: many of the respondents are usually aggressive on issue that border cooperation among the respondents border.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Some the terms used in this research study may not be represented in the literature or universal meanings it is therefore imperative to explain the contextual meaning of some of the words used to guard against ambiguity but pare way for conciseness.
Meanwhile, the terms are professional in nature.
Motivation is a factor which make an employee to participate to action, it is referred to as those factors which arose employee to action and could be measured by identifying various needs of the individuals workers and how such needs influences the behavior of the workers in the work situation in an organization.
This is employees contentment about his satisfaction, it could be defined subjectively as the job reward which employee derives from the work situation done effectively. Satisfaction could be measured in terms of difference between what the employee expects from the service he or she referred to the organization and what he or she actually derives.
C. INCENTIVES: these are inducements given to an employee of an organization for the purpose of carrying out organizational objectives. It could be measured by the amount of inducement which workers gets from the organization and the extent to which such inducement enhances their performances.
Doing things using the instrument ties of other people. It is also the process combining and utilizing or allocating organizational resource by planning, organization directing, and controlling for the purpose of achieving organization objectives.
E. DECISION MAKING:
This is the process where by solution are pointed to the problem in the organizations, decision making is concerned with the formulation of policies guiding or governing the running of an organization.
F. EMPLOYEE WELFARE SCHEME:
In this study employees welfare scheme is also variously known as the employees welfare services. Employee scheme. The fringe benefits, which the employee receive from the organization besides his pay or salary.
This is the amount pain for performing a specific job which its duration is short.
This is a fixed amount of money which is paid to workers in their different places of work usually by end of every month.
Bertrand Chester, (1938) the functions of the executives. Cambridge Harvard University press London.
B. Nwachukwu .C.c (1988) Management: Theory and practice; African Publishers ltd.
Ejiofor, P.N.O (1986) Employee Programmes Denny Depression; Cotemporary problem in Nigerian Industrial relation; Lagos; development press ltd.
Anuguson G.A (2002) Industrial relation system in Nigeria: Issues, theories and practices; Enugu computer edge Publishers.