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MAN POWER TRAINING AS AN AID TO MANAGEMENT IN BUSINESS ENTERPRISES (A CASE STUDY OF EMENITE NIGERIA LIMITED ENUGU)
1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND OF THESTUDY
this research work is an attempt to study the importance of human resources management, in a business resources management in a business organization or enterprises which is of paramount importance to its survival.
Every organization, to a large extent depends more on these resources for the attainment of it’s objectives;
However, the objectives cannot be attain unless the organization is made of the employees who have skills, knowledge and ability to work.
Although employees may have the abilities skills and knowledge, in the long run they may find it very difficult to cope with their jobs due to many factors such as organizational changes, job changes, and technological changes and so on.
Therefore, management involves manpower training and development as one of is various activities. When workers are employed, they are not just left to stay and work until they are done for retirement, but they are being trained in order to increase their abilities, skills and knowledge.
Experience has shown that many employees have failed in organization become their need for training was not identified or provided for as an indispensable part of management function.
However, employees are not just trained for their own benefits only, the organization stands to gain a lot from them as well. The manpower development programme is a very important activity, management cannot afford to miss because of it’s various objectives. A lot of reasons explain why organizations carry out manpower training.
a. to avoid high costs of wastes and equipment maintenance.
b. to improve the quality of output.
c. To improve the quality of input.
d. to lower the cost of wastes and equipment maintenance
e. To prevent turnover absenteeism and increase employee job satisfaction
f. To prevent employee obsolesce.
Considering the benefits of manpower training mention above, one is prone to say that manpower training is indispensably necessary for attainment of organizational goals. A substantial amount of money is needed for this programme but is regard as money.
Well invested because of its various benefits.
In fact, the importance of manpower training cannot be over emphasized. It plays a large part in determining the effectiveness and efficiency of the organization.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
In every organization all over the world the management sets up the organizations goals and ways of achieving the goals. The financial institution or any other organizations like Emenite LYD.
Enuguis no exception since they perform many activities in order to attain their goals effectively. Effective and efficient workers are considered very necessary and essential. Thus to keep and maintain those workers, they should be trained and developed as the need arises.
In the light of the objectives of the organization; this research work is centered on the essence of manpower training to business enterprises.
It is quite unpleasant that at present many organizations are yet to identify the importance of manpower training.
Now the question such as why some organizations do better than others? In other ways, why is that some organization have not been able to perform effectively and efficiently? On the same note why is it that in spite of the high cost of training programme some organizations still embark on it; or why is it; or why is it that manpower training is rarely considered necessary in some companies.
However, in attempting these question, it is important to determine the following issues:
i. Identification of potential training needs of existing jobs
ii. Identification of individual training needs
iii. Identification of individual performance level
iv Determination of expenditure of resources on training and benefits expected in future.
v. identification of past training performance with respect to the training objectives. Thus it is hoped that a study in this area chosen would throw more light on the issues involved in manpower training in other business enterprises inNigeria.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
following the problems aforementioned, it is the aim of this research to determine the following:
a. The training needs of employees of Emenite Nigeria ltdEnugu.
b. To find out the effect of training exercise on the employees of the organization.
c. To assess the performance of employees who have been trained.
d. To determine if the organization have benefit from the training programme.
e. To find if there is any militating factor against effective manpower training programme.
f. Finally, the researcher’s recommendations that would be useful for the company in planning and execution of training programme.
1.4 IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
For manpower training programe to be effectives its objectives, benefits and process must be clearly understood. Thus, if this programme is properly undertaken or carried out it will lead to increase in the effectiveness, efficiency and productivity of the workers which contribute to the achievement of the organization goals.
Moreover, the findings and recommendation to be made from this study will be very useful to the student of business administration and management as will as others in related fields. The study will also be useful o EmeniteNigerialimitedEnuguin terms of implementation and subsequent research by the management of the organization.
1.5 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In carrying this research work, numerous problems were encountered by the researcher. However, just a number of these problems that affected this research work will be mentioned.
Time was one of the numerous problems that affected this work as normal lecture periods and others assignments share the same time with the research. Hence, it is no exaggeration to say that was than 30 percent of the available time of the researcher’s studies was spent on this work. The researcher missed lectures in order keep appointments connected with the research.
Financial problem was among the limiting factors encountered by the researcher in producing this works with the down-turn of the economy, the cost of materials rocketed so high that the meager pursue of the researcher couldn’t carry him through, if nor for the financial support I obtained from relatives.
Through the researcher got a good percentage of responses of questionnaires administered, yet it is not easy for the researcher to convince them. The researcher also tried as much as possible to establish a good rapport with public relation officer and other workers of the organization like principal manager (administration), personnel manager, in order to get concrete and authentic information from them.
1.6 DEFINITION OF IMPORTANT TERMS
i. DEVELOPMENT: This deals with the activities undertaken to expose an employee to perform additional duties and assume positions of importance in the organizational hierarchy.
ii. EFFECTIVENESS: This simply means doing the right things well.
iii. EFFICIENCY: This means doing it right .
iv. MANPOWER: This involved all employees organization ranging from chief executive down to line.
v. ORGANIZATION: This is an economic establishment set up with the aim of maximizing profit.
vi. PRODUCTIVITY: This is a measurement of the efficiency of production, a ratio of output to input keg 10 unit per manpower.
vii. TRAINING: This is the systematic process of altering the behavior of employees to synchronize with organizational goals.
viii. EVALUATION: This is the weight of an individual fitness for a job in terms of the job, duties or requirement.
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Dale S. Beach (1989) Personnel and the Management of People at Work, Macmillan Publication Co. Inco 3rd Edition New York Collier Pg 375