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THE IMPACT OF IMPROVED INFRASTRUCTURE AND EFFICIENT CARGO DELIVERY IN NIGERIA PORT (A CASE STUDY OF CALABAR PORT COMPLEX)
This report examines the impact of improved infrastructure and efficient Cargo Delivery in Nigeria Port (A case study of Calabar Port Complex). The research also carried out a review of related literature in chapter to give the study the necessary theoretical background for the research work. The literature the Background of Marine Infrastructural Development, Current Marine Infrastructural Development in Nigeria, Channel Marking, buoys and lighthouse development in Nigeria were. The research design used in this report is descriptive design, utilizing questionnaire method to obtain information from the respondents for this project. Primary data were collected from the primary source which questionnaire was used as an instrument of data collection while secondary data were sources from textbooks, journals, newspapers and the internet were employed. The data were presented on a frequency distribution table and analyzed using simple percentage .While hypothesis was tested using chi- square test. The findings indicates Port infrastructure, if fully developed in Nigeria, has a big role to play in the development of our shipping sector by ensuring efficient cargo delivery from our ports. From the findings, it is also discovered that the major causes of poor infrastructural facilities in our ports are mainly from poor maintenance culture among Nigerians as well as poor finance in providing the necessary facilities needed in our ports. It is also discovered from the findings that bad infrastructure affect efficient cargo delivery in Nigeria ports especially that of Calabar Port because of inefficient draft, bigger ships find it mostly difficult to berth in the port. The findings also reveal that high costs of cargo delivery in Nigeria ports can be linked to inefficient cargo delivery in our ports. To this end the study recommended that Government and private terminal operators should provided the needed infrastructural facilities at the port to ensure efficient and effective cargo clearance and delivery. Also adequate funds should be made available by Governments and banks to ensure effective implementation of needed port facilities.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The following objectives are stated to guide the study.
To examine the impact of improved infrastructure on efficient cargo delivery in Nigerian port.
To determine the major causes of poor infrastructure in Nigerian Ports.
To identify and assess the effects of bad infrastructure in efficient cargo delivery in Nigerian ports.
To investigate the major category of port infrastructure.
1.4 Significance of the Study
This study is worth pursuing because improved infrastructure will enhances port cargo delivery in Nigerian ports, increased port productivity and performance and increased through put variables such as ship turn round time, cargo traffic loss through other ports e.g Cotonou, vessel delay time etc. the efficient infrastructure tends to help tackle port congestion problems, making Nigerian ports a hub in the West African Region, protect vessels and quays wall against damages as well as allowing for smooth maneuvering of vessels alongside the quays during berthing. The agencies of government will find the recommendations of the research useful on how to ensure efficient cargo delivery through improved infrastructure. It is also believed that the study will help investors knowing where they can safely invest their money in port infrastructures. The study will serve as a guide to more competent researchers to carry out further investigation. In summer, those to benefit from this research on completion include; government agencies, investors, general public, researcher/cadets, banks, maritime regulators and experts, marine insurance companies.
1.5 Research Questions
The following research questions are hereby stated for the study.
To what extent do improved infrastructure ensure efficient cargo delivery in Calabar Port, Nigeria?
What are the major causes of poor infrastructure in Nigerian Ports?
Does bad infrastructure affect efficient cargo delivery in Nigerian ports?
What are the major categories of port infrastructures?
1.6 Research Hypothesis
1. Ho: There is no significant relationship between improved infrastructure and efficient cargo delivery in Nigerian ports.
H1: There is significant relationship between improved infrastructure and efficient cargo delivery in Nigerian ports.
2. Ho: Poor maintenance culture and inadequate finance is not the major causes of poor infrastructure in Nigerian ports.
H1:Poor maintenance and inadequate finance is the major causes of poor infrastructure in Nigerian ports.
3. Ho: Bad infrastructure does not have negative effect in efficient cargo delivery in Nigerian ports.
H1: Bad infrastructure have negative effect in efficient cargo delivery in Nigerian ports.
4. Ho: There is no significance relationship between marine and overland infrastructure.
H1: There is significance relationship between marine and overland infrastructure.
1.7 Basic Assumptions of the Study
The following assumptions were made in the study;
Improved infrastructure ensures efficient cargo delivery.
The distributed questionnaires will be collected and used adequately without bias.
That Calabar port shall provide a true and unbiased information for the study being the case study.
The supervisor will give the researcher adequate guidance.
1.8 Delimitation of the Study