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THE IMPACT OF MANAGING RURAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH INDUSTRALIZATION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In 1976 a uniform system of local government was introduced according to local government reforms of 1976 the primary motive is to take development direct from the center to the people at the rural areas through the local government hence the same reform (1976:1) describes local government as a tool for rural development some of these motive are the conscious attempt of the federal government to involve people in the management of their rural affairs through which the human and materials resources of the rural dwellers can be effectively mobilized tapped and into industrialization process.
Since Nigerian started existing as a nation development has been taking place especially in the urban area for the fact that man often craves for what is good it is often that people usually mesh to urban areas where there are provision for the comfort and welfare of man by way social amenities and the infrastructure provision this exodus of people is necessitated by the fact that rural area are often neglected on term of development but those who rush to develop (urban) areas seen to have forgotten that there every needs to develop the rural are because they are bases the beginning and also terminate destination Odenigwe 1879:4) postulated that the rural subsection of the economy is endeavored with abundant natural resource unharnessed for this to be harnessed would require integrating rural people in he rural development excise through the provision of small scale industries of different types, he defines industrialization as an integrated process of developing industries that would extract manufacture or convert raw materials into finished goods and services industries that means different things to different people and circumstances.
Spie (1968) stated that industrialization embraces the means by which man control or modifies his natural environment it is that great growing engine of charge industrializing is the major means of people adjusting to environment. It has to do it the techniques and tools with which people utilize the materials resources of their environment to satisfy their various needs and desires, industrialization is of course an application of practical or mechanical science to industries or commerce it is a technical know how scientific idea information body of knowledge materials or goods and services capable of being systematic and sequential in the generation communicable and adoptable to application in a given economic political social and cultural money against this background we conclude that industrialization embraces a body of organized knowledge tools and machine used by man to manipulate his environment to satisfy his needs it is no this platform that the subject matter managing rural development through industrialization was drawn.
In managing rural development the basic role of management is to plan organize direct and control it is our collective views that managers lead other than plan man power rather than direct pattern rather than organize and assess rather than control the effectiveness of management arises from leadership effort towards the simultaneous creation of a co-operative and learning organization to facilitate the implementation process of management practices which when implemented support rural and national development organization survival and effective authorization of resource for the benefit of mankind.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
One man reason for creating local government is to bring development very clod to the people in the rural area however the problems here is that this noble objective is not being put into practice being really actualized there is a problems of technological job our industrialization process is characterized by lack of infrastructure and intensive as human labour obsolete technologies and high dependence on import technologies the consequence of these or grove lass of control decision on what technology to importation level of local initiative indigenous scientific and innovative capacity and perpetuation of cycle of poverty among the rural people.
A number of approaches and programme has been proposal and implemented by the government towards reducing or eradicate technological dependence and other associated issues in rural development some of the programme failed even before the implementation while some have failed to yield the desired result the programme have been based on the transfer of technology from the advance to developing stages these strategies have not work because a of the technology being transferred is not appropriate our environment policies suffer for ineffective implementation principles because it has note in built capacity to address wrong implementation this is our experience on industrializing rural areas.
Failure of local government in Awgu to provide enabling environment to stimulating industrialization process is a source of worries to rural dweller stimulating doubt in the ability on such programme.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is investigated how authorities concerned have managed rural development through industrialization process by accessing the number the extent and types of industries the established in Awgu local government.
The study is also to review industrialization process undertaken in the past and present on the local government within a view to see its stability or otherwise. The research is to process some possible ways of solving the problems and through this study made recommendation where necessary and applicable.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
In attempt to diagnose and identify the causes or factors that either hinder to encourage rural development in Awgu local government area the following would serve as research question.
1. To what extend is rural development Awgu
2. What are the factors militating against rural development especially in industrial development
3. Will industrial development be of any important to their area?
4. Can industrialization promote human and materials development?
5. What types of industry will you prefer?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is beneficial to the society investor rural dweller and to the researcher the study has expanded our knowledge it has increase our research skill beside the above was conducted in the department of business administration that the study would be of immense important to students who may wish on to conduct a future research on the subject matter it would serve as a efficiencies materials coming on the side of the rural dweller it will help in appreciating the dept of natural resource available in rural setting is develop through industrialization process it will bridge the gap in rural urban migration.
Finally the society as a whole stand to benefit from the study. The society is drawn from rural setting developing rural setting implies developing the society the implication being that the society standard of living would in prove employment will be generated and investment created means while policy maker through this study would understand why it necessary to promote industrial project they would also understand that the leadership efforts are needed to pioneer industrialization process.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of study is the research boundary the scope is on rural development how it can be managed through industrialization process is to identify factors militating the provision of rural infrastructures and enabling environment for business to flourish.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Hardly would a research be conducted without a constraint in a country such a other where a beaurocarcy act as constraint in the flow of information and where there is inaccurate data and statistics there is really have to be problems.
LACK OF ADEQUATE DATA
Adequate data have not been gathered about rural industrialization no do we have enough statistics about it.
The rising cost of living has complicated the cost of embarking on a through research work it is too costly to embark through research work.
LACK OF RESEARCH SKILLS
Most information for public consumptions is some time tagged secret there by restraining our ability to have all the necessary information or data needled to the subject matters.