Every material on this site is authentic and was extracted from the complete available project.Click to GET IT NOW
MS-WORD DOC || CHAPTERS: 1-5 || PAGES: 76 || PRICE: ₦3000
influence of home background variables on secondary school students performance in biology in Uyo Local Government Area in Akwa Ibom State
1.1 Background of the Study
Academic performance (most especially of senior secondary school students) has been largely associated with many factors. Most students in senior secondary schools in Nigeria are daily confronted with challenges of coping with academic under serious emotional strains occasioned by long walk to school, poor school environment, and being taught by unmotivated teachers. Couple with this, is an uncooperative-to-study attitude of parents who more often toil to provide for the needs of the family. These would definitely not augur well for academic success.
Education is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens especially the youth. This is because the development of any nation or community depends youth. This is because the development of any nation or community depends largely on the quality of education of such a nation. It is generally believed that the basis for any true development must commence with the development of human resources. Much then is said formal education remains the vehicle for social-economic development and social mobilization in any witnessed prolong military rule and aborted civilian administrations, which necessitude the promulgation of decrees, edicts and levels. (Shittu, 2004)
Home variables factors are believed to be the common factor affecting students performance. Accordingly, Fraiser (1973), identified the family background as one of such factor. Family background as primary and social agent has important role to play in the academic performance of a child. Family background is the foundation for the child’s development. A child’s first contact with the world is his immediate family. The home is the premier agent of education to the child, therefore, the way he lives, the food he eats and his lifestyle is influenced by the home. Therefore, a family is very crucial in the education and orientation of Social Studies. It provides the basis upon which success or failure at all levels of education can be measured (Iverson and Walberg, 1982). In this view, family background which includes socio-economic status, parental marriage type, family size, parental educational background and parental disciplinary measures play an important role in the child’s social integration.
The effect of parental educational background is a powerful factor that influences the child’s academic success. It has been established that generally, the parental educational background is greatly connected to the educational attainment of their children (Sarigiani, 1990). Educated parents are quipped by virtue of their education to take cognizance of the fact that their involvement in the academic of their child enables the child to achieve higher grades and test scores, improves the child’s attendance in school, improves the child’s conduct and attitude and increase the chance of the child going on to higher education than parents who have little or no education. Parental disciplinary measures affect a child positively or negatively. Douglas (1964), stated that discipline is a teaching process. As a form of education, children should not associate discipline with intimidation or embarrassment. The family where a child belongs to serves as an incubator for his success in life. Lack of adequate and conducive family background could adversely affect the students performance in biology (Udoukpong and Okon 2005).
The size of the family in which a child grows affect his intellectual development. In a large family, a child may not be given maximum attention especially in his academics. The issue of home works, payment of school fees, attending of Parent Teacher Association (PTA), etc may not be convenient for the parents as they have to cater for many children, while children are well catered for and perform better in their academics in small size family. In Nigeria today, the family set-up has become more complex and sophisticated than it was a century ago. Faniran (1982) in Nwosu (2004), hinted that in many Nigerian homes today, the concept of monogamy is giving way to polygamy very rapidly, even among the educated people. It has been discovered that children from monogamous family perform better in school than children from polygamous family. This is because there is cooperation on the part of the parents from monogamous family. The parents put all their resources together to ensure that their children perform better in their educational career, but this type of cooperation is lacking in polygamous family, where it is the duty of each mother to cater for children and this can adversely affect the performance of the child in school.
It is against this background, therefore that the researcher wishes to investigated the influence of home background variables on secondary school students performance in biology in Uyo Local Government Area in Akwa Ibom State.